The Scientific Revolution

The Scientific RevolutionThe period of numerous important scientific discoveries and inventions, which took place during the 1600 – 1700 years, and a new view of natural world as the result of these discoveries, is called the Scientific Revolution. It is connected, first of all, with principal achievements and innovations in exact sciences, like astronomy, mathematics, physics, etc.

Conditionally, the Scientific Revolution started with revolutionary works of such physicists, as Johannes Kepler and Galileo, who tried to develop the ideas of Nicolaus Copernicus and found out the laws of planetary motion and the laws of falling bodies. Galileo played significant role in the revolution: he constructed the first telescope, which allowed him to make observations and important discoveries; he invented the first thermometer on alcohol, the first compass, and made important findings in physics, in particular, regarding to acceleration of the bodies.

Revolutionary inventions in biology and medicine triggered numerous significant discoveries. Invention of microscope by Zacharias Janssen allowed Anthony van Leuwenhoek to observe cells of human blood and tissues. Andreas Vesalius and William Harvey discovered the system of blood circulation and skeleton in human body. Gabriel Fahrenheit constructed the first mercury thermometer, and Evangelista Torricelli invented the barometer.

Finally, this era of inventions brought some changes to mathematics, which are connected with the name of another key personality of the Scientific Revolution, Sir Isaac Newton. He created principally new mathematics, which became the main instrument of science and is known as calculus. Also, Newton made important findings in physics, like discovery of gravity, laws of gravity and laws of motion.

Therefore, as a result of the Scientific Revolution, by the end of the seventeenth century the view of humanity on natural world has drastically changed. Science stopped being based on assumptions and beliefs, and all the new scientific discoveries and findings were made by the methods of observation, experiment and analysis. Another important contribution of the revolution into the history of humanity was dethronement of delusive ideas of the Catholic Church about the origin and nature of the world, like God’s placing the earth to the center of the universe, etc.


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